Science: Horses

Basic Breeds: Quarter Horse, Standardbred, Clydesdale, Missouri Fox Trotter, Appaloosa.

Quarter Horse

Colors: Any horse colors except appy.

Uses: Almost anything
Facts: Quarter horses are very laid back horses, so this enables them to be used for basically anything and for any type of rider. Quarter horses have a strong build and have good sense with cows making them great for ranch work.


Colors: Most common are bay, or dark brown; but chestnut and black are not uncommon. Even tobiano colors are found as well as roan.
Uses: Harness racing as trotters and pacers.
Facts: Standardbreds are the fastest trotting horse in the world. They can trot, or pace, a mile in 3 minutes. They are built heavier than Thoroughbreds but still have a refined body build.


Colors: Normally bay, but also can be black, roan, chestnut, or grey. Also have white on their face and legs.
Uses: In olden days they were used for agriculture purposes, today they are still used for agriculture but also are ridden and used to pull wagons for pleasure.
Facts: The Budweiser Clydesdales are some of the most famous Clydesdales around today.

Missouri Fox Trotter
Colors: Fox Trotters can be any equine color except Appaloosa.
Uses: Most commonly used as trail horses because of their gait. Also shown and used in speed events like pole bending.
Facts: The Missouri Fox Trotter has a unique four-beat gait, enabling them to move at speeds from 12-16 mph at a constant gait. The Fox Trot is where the horse trots in the back and walks in the front. Fox Trotters are also used for trails as well as search and rescue, because of their sure-footedness.

Colors: spotted blanket, leopard, snowflake, roan with spots.
Uses: Almost anything from Western Pleasure to English; rodeo events and show jumping. Appaloosas are basically the same as Quarter Horses just different colors.
Facts: Popular horse to serve in the Nez Perce war. Often used by Indians because they were believed to camouflage the Indians during war. Striped hooves are a characteristic.


Some Famous Horses

Mr. Ed, the talking horse; Spirit, stallion of the cimmeron; Hidalgo
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The anatomy of the horse.

Horses have basically two sets of teeth. The front set is used for grabbing forage and the second set is the molars, which are used for grinding up the food. Did you know horses also have k-9s? In most cases though, the "horse dentist" pulls the k-9's simply because they get in the way of the bit (metal peice that goes in the horses mouth enabling you to ride) which causes pain.


The hoof is a horses' foot, or sometimes it's considered to be the toe. A hoof is like finger nails, just bigger. On the inside of a hoof is a very sensitive sole called the "frog". The frog is there because it's said that the horses heart isn't big enough to pump blood throughout the whole body, so whenever the horse takes a step the frog pushes the blood back up the leg and throughout the body. If the frog gets damaged then the horse will become "lame". When a horse becomes lame they generally get put to sleep because they can't be rode anymore, and a horses' leg can't be amputated because they are too heavy to balance on three legs. The farrier (person who trims horse hooves) will cut the hoof depending on whether or not it's gaited. Some general gaited horses are the Tennessee Walking Horse, Missouri Fox Trotter, and Paso Fino. If the horse is gaited then the hoof needs to be cut at a slope, allowing the horse to gait better. Some general non-gaited horses are the Quarter Horse, Paint, and larger breeds including the Clydesdale. When a non-gaited horse gets their hooves trimmed, they are trimmed more
When the hoof isn't trimmed properly or just plainly not trimmed they can become foundered. Which is a fancy way to say the horse is lame.
The picture below is an obvious sign of neglect.
Hoof colors.
Hooves can be either black, striped, or white.
Lastly, horses can either go barefoot or be shod (have shoes). Generally speaking, horses only need shod if you live or travel to rocky areas. Horses are okay going barefoot in sand. Just think of it like your feet, would you be very comfortable going barefoot on rocks?
Horses' eyes.
Horses have the largest eye of any land mammal in the world. The placement of the eyes on a horse is because they are prey. With the eyes being placed on the side of a horses head that gives them a more wide view than humans, whose eyes are placed on the front of their head. Horses have a 350 degree angle of vision. 65 degrees of a horses' vision is binocular, while 258 degrees is monocular. A horses' blind spot in its binocular vision is about 3-4 feet directly in front of it, behind the head, and so many feet directly behind it. Another blind spot on a horse is directly under its head and near its feet. So when a horse feels a threat near its feet it will turn its head at an angle. Horses are also sensitive to light. A horse has more rods in its eye than a human, about 20:1. With so many rods the horse has to take longer to adjust from light to dark or vis versa. So when coming from outside to inside a barn or trailer the horse may become scared because he is temporarily blind. Also, horses do better riding on a cloudy day than a sunny day, because its eyes are so sensitive. Horses also see about just as well at night as they do in the day time. As for seeing in color, horses do. Although what colors they see are different than humans. A bright red apple to us may appear almost olive green to a horse. Finally, horses can have either a blue eye which is called a "wall eye", or the common dark brown eye. Wall eyes are more common in paint horses.



This video is just of horses running around a pen. Horses like to play just like humans do, just a little different. When horses play they either just run around, kick up their heels, or nip at each other to rough house. Wild colts (male baby horses) will rear up at each other, bite, and kick each other. They do that to practice for the role of being lead stallion. Fillies (female baby horses) just run and play.