Cassie Mundekis


Humanoid Robots

What is it?

_ A humanoid robot is a robot that is made to appear somewhat like a human. The human like shape allows it to interact more easily with people and use human-made tools. They are known as autonomous robots because they are able to adapt to changes in its environment, or itself, so it can finish its task or reach its goal. That is what separates it from other robots.Scientist are hoping that one day humanoid robots will be able to work along side humans to create a more productive and higher quality future.

_Why they are made

Since they are made to imitate some of the physical and mental tasks that humans perform daily, some of the things a humanoid robot can do would include these; self maintenance (recharging itself), the ability to learn new skills by itself. They also should be able to adapt to new surroundings and make a new strategy, avoid harmful situations, and interact with both humans and animals safely. Since humanoid robots need to be able to perform tasks we are not able to do, scientist are trying to give them independent minds.This would allow the robot to actually think on its own. The robots would be able to mainly work by themselves without someone controlling every movement. In the future, humanoid robots might be a common thing to see.

More Purposes

_Humanoid Robots are being made to do many human tasks like; personal assistant, someone to take care of the sick and elderly, or to perform dirty or dangerous tasks. Normal jobs like being a receptionist, or working in an automobile manufacturing line are suitable work for them too. Humanoids can also be used for entertainment. Robots have been made that can sing, dance, and speak to audiences. There is also a lot of research that comes out of the process of building a robot. Scientists need to understand the full human body before they can try to build humanoid robots.

Basic Mechanics

_How they are able to move around

A humanoid robot is built like a human, but out of mechanical parts. Since they are supposed to look like a human, humanoid robots usually have a torso, legs, head, and arms. Actuators are the motors that move the robot. The actuators try to mimic the way a human joint or muscle moves letting the robot lift up its knees or bend its arm. The humanoid robot is also equipped with different kinds of sensors. Proprioceptive sensors let the robot sense the position, the orientation, and the speed of its body and joints. An Accelerometer senses acceleration, and velocity, a tilt sensor measures inclination, and force sensors placed in the robots hands and feet measure contact force with the surroundings.

How they are able to see and hear

_The robot might also have position sensors, to tell location, and it may even have speed sensors. Most robots use CCD cameras to see and recognize objects. Humanoid robots also use microphones to act as hearing sensors. These act as human ears so the robot can hear speech and other environmental sounds. To understand and interpret all the sensors, a humanoid robot has artificial intelligence. This allows the robot to learn as it goes, come up with new plans to overcome obstacles and fix its mistakes in the future.

Different models



_In Japan's biennial showcase in Tokyo, Honda's robot, Motoman, is just one of the impressive robots shown. Not only is Motoman fully capable of performing a certain job, he can perform many with excellent results. In the picture to the left, Motoman is directing the Detroit Symphony Orchestra. He is also a model employee, being able to spot-weld on a car production line, and flip pancakes; without spilling a drop of batter. Also being able to take routine blood tests, Motoman proves that robots are becoming more practical and less fictional.



---The name of a Vietnam-made robot, TOPIO, stand for just what it means; Tosy's ping pong playing robot. Topio is a robot that was designed and created to play ping pong. Using artificial intelligence, the robot is able to continuously learn and improve his skill level for the game. The robot resembles a human with two feet, intimidating abs and black shades. Being much more practical and smaller than the first model, Topio is six feet tall and weighs in at just 263 pounds. Although the chiseled featured robot has not won a match against a human yet, scientists are hoping later models of it will be faster, stronger, and smarter.


_asimo-honda-plateau.jpg _ASIMO by Honda is said to be, "The worlds most advanced humanoid robot." The building of ASIMO started in 1986 when Honda engineers wanted to create a walking robot. As series of these robots were made, more things were added to improve it. After the arms were added, a body, and a head soon followed. Now after several models can run, walk, balance on uneven surfaces, turn corners, and grab objects. The ASIMO robot is very talented and has a wide range of motions. In the future, Honda is hopeful that ASIMO can help people in need, fight fires, or even clean up toxic spills. Robots like these are also being introduced to NASA. Although a human might not be able to live on a foreign planet for very long, a robot possibly could.

Asimo dances, and yes this is real. It shows just how far robot motion has came.

mas asimo dance from klood on Vimeo.